The LORD and the Lord: an interactive online study
Psalm 145:17 The LORD is righteous in all his ways, and holy in all his works.
Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the LORD (Jehovah, before

Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the LORD (Jehovah, before our Lord's birth: every reference to the Lord's commandments is Jehovah except for I Corinthians 14:37) blameless.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:9 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 10).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 1) standing on the right side of the altar of incense.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the LORD (Jehovah: before the birth of our lord and OT phrase 11), and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.

Aramaic: before LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

 

Luke 1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 7 & OT phrase 18) their God.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the LORD (Jehovah: Malachi 4:6, children = children of Israel, fathers = the patriarchs. The ellipsis emphasizes the naturalness of John's calling and the unnaturalness of Israel's state at the time of Christ).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees but adds "a perfect people" to the end of the verse.

Latin: agrees with the Aramaic

 

Luke 1:25 Thus hath the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 2) dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach among men.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the LORD (Jehovah: our lord has not yet been conceived) is with thee: blessed art thou among women.

Aramaic: our lord

Latin: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 4) God shall give unto him the throne of his father David:

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the LORD (Jehovah: context); be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:43 And whence is this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:45 And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the LORD (Jehovah: context).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:46 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify the LORD, (Jehovah: context, Luke 1:47 is a restatement in synonymous words of 1:46: And my spirit hath rejoiced in God my Saviour. Notice that in this figure Jehovah = God my savior.)

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:58 And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the LORD (Jehovah: before our lord's birth) had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her.

Aramaic: God

Latin: Agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:66 And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be! And the hand of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 24) was with him.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 1:68 Blessed be the LORD God (Jehovah: OT phrase 4) of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,

Aramaic: Smith’s Sinaitic omits Lord; or “Blessed is LORDemp, the God of Israel

 

Luke 1:76 And thou, child, shalt be called the prophet of the Highest: for thou shalt go before the face of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 12) to prepare his ways;

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 1) came upon them, and the glory of the Lord (OT phrase 13, G omits the second Lord) shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.

Aramaic: 1st God; 2nd LORDemp agrees with the Stephens text

Latin:      1st Lord—agrees with the Stephens text; 2nd God

 

Luke 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the (Supreme) Lord.

Aramaic: Lordsprm agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:15 And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the LORD (Jehovah: context, Luke 2:10-14) hath made known unto us.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the LORD (Jehovah: presentation at the temple).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord [Jehovah: OT phrase 22], Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy to the Lord [Jehovah – Exodus 13:2, 13, 15];)

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said in the law of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 22), A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:26 And it was revealed unto him by the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's (Jehovah) Christ.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:29 Lord (despotes*), now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:

Aramaic: my Lord (the same word as in my Lord Jesus Christ); emphatic form 1st person suffix

Vulgate: my Lord (same word as in Lord Jesus Christ)

 

            *This is the use of the Greek word for master in reference to God. Jehovah includes obedience but means far more also. With the use of despotes, or master, Simeon emphasizes his role as servant more than as worshipper or recipient of Israel's inheritance. In Exo 23:17 and 34:23 are two similar uses. Here the Heavenly Father called Himself adown, lord (rather than adownai – Supreme Lord) in relationship to the people of His covenant.

 

Luke 2:38 And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the LORD (Jehovah or God: N-A, L,T, Tr, A, N have God), and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 2:39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord (before our Lord's birth: OT phrase 22), they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 3:2 Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God (Some Latin editions have Lord. If so, then Jehovah: OT phrase 21) came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

Aramaic:  God, agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 9), make his paths straight.

Aramaic: make straight paths in the plain for our God

Latin: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the LORD thy God (Jehovah: OT phrase 5, Deu. 6:13), and him only shalt thou serve.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 4:12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the LORD thy God. (Jehovah: OT phrase 5 & OT phrase 20, Deu. 6:16)

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 14, Isaiah 11:12 & Isaiah 61:1.) is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 4:19 To preach the acceptable year of the LORD (Jehovah: Isaiah 61:2).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 5:8 When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, Depart from me; for I am a sinful man, O Lord.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 5:12 And it came to pass, when he was in a certain city, behold a man full of leprosy: who seeing Jesus fell on his face, and besought him, saying, Lord, if thou wilt, thou canst make me clean.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 5:17 And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power (dunamis) of the LORD (Jehovah: Luke 5:26: the dunamis to heal and, in 5:21, to forgive sins was from God. Our lord proves that he had the authority, exousia, to both forgive and heal in Luke 5:23-25. His words are so moving because the authority, like the power, could only have come from God) was present to heal them.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 6:5 And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the Sabbath.

Aramaic: the Sabbath Day’s Lord (emp. with 3rd suffix before daleth and emphatics—later construction)

 

Luke 6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

Aramaic: my lord, my lord

 

Luke 7:6 Then Jesus went with them. And when he was now not far from the house, the centurion sent friends to him, saying unto him, Lord, trouble not thyself: for I am not worthy that thou shouldest enter under my roof:

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 7:13 And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her, and said unto her, Weep not.

Aramaic: Jesus

Latin: Agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 7:19 And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus (N-A: and sending them to the Lord), saying, Art thou he that should come? or look we for another?

Aramaic: agrees with Stephens text

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 7:31 ¶ And the Lord (G, L, T, Tr, A, & N all omit) said, Whereunto then shall I liken the men of this generation? and to what are they like?

Aramaic: omits

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 9:54 And when his disciples James and John saw this, they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did?

Aramaic: our lord

 

Luke 9:57 And it came to pass, that, as they went in the way, a certain man said unto him, Lord, (omit: G:, L,T, Tr, Ab, N) I will follow thee whithersoever thou goest.

Aramaic: Sinaitic (Lewis) omits lord; others: my lord

Latin:      omits lord

 

Luke 9:59 And he said unto another, Follow me. But he said, Lord, suffer me first to go and bury my father.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 9:61 And another also said, Lord, I will follow thee; but let me first go bid them farewell, which are at home at my house.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 10:1 After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come.

Aramaic: Jesus; Sinaitic (Lewis) he

Latin:      Agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 10:2 Therefore said he unto them, The harvest truly is great, but the labourers are few: pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest* that he would send forth labourers into his harvest.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text (construct form)

 

            *This refers to God, since we pray to no other. However, this doesn't echo any Old Testament phrase referring to the Jehovah of the harvest. Thus, this corresponds to the one of the Hebrew words translated lord, adown or adownai. Those who believe in Jesus Christ were given to him of the Father. It is His, God's, harvest. He is the master of the harvest, the one in charge, therefore, of those who labor therein.

 

Luke 10:17 And the seventy returned again with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us through thy name.

Aramaic: our lord

 

Luke 10:21 In that hour Jesus rejoiced in spirit, and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth,* that thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes: even so, Father; for so it seemed good in thy sight.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text; not the emphatic form (construct form)

 

            *This phrase is given three times in the New Testament: Matt. 11:25, Luke 10:21, and Acts 17:24. This is probably a translation of the Hebrew in Genesis 14:19 & 22 that the renders as: "the possessor of heaven and earth."

 

Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God (Jehovah: Deut. 6:5, OT phrase 5) with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 10:39 And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at Jesus' feet (N-A: the Lord's feet), and heard his word.

Aramaic: at the feet of our Lord

Latin:      Lord’s feet

 

Luke 10:40 But Martha was cumbered about much serving, and came to him, and said, Lord, dost thou not care that my sister hath left me to serve alone? bid her therefore that she help me.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 10:41 And Jesus answered and said unto her (N-A: and the Lord answered her), Martha, Martha, thou art careful and troubled about many things:

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

Latin:      and the Lord

 

Luke 11:1 And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.

Aramaic: our lord

 

Luke 11:39 And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.

Aramaic: Jesus

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:36 And ye yourselves like unto men that wait for their lord, when he will return from the wedding; that when he cometh and knocketh, they may open unto him immediately.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:37 Blessed are those servants, whom the lord when he cometh shall find watching: verily I say unto you, that he shall gird himself, and make them to sit down to meat, and will come forth and serve them.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:41 Then Peter said unto him, Lord, speakest thou this parable unto us, or even to all?

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 12:42 And the Lord said, Who then is that faithful and wise steward, whom his lord shall make ruler over his household, to give them their portion of meat in due season?

Aramaic: Jesus

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:43 Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:45 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens, and to eat and drink, and to be drunken;

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:46 The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 12:47 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not himself, neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many stripes.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 13:8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it:

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 13:15 The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering?

Aramaic: Jesus

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 13:23 Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few that be saved? And he said unto them,

Aramaic: omits Lord

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 13:25 When once the master of the house is risen up, and hath shut to the door, and ye begin to stand without, and to knock at the door, saying, Lord, Lord (some texts omit the 2nd Lord), open unto us; and he shall answer and say unto you, I know you not whence ye are:

Aramaic: 1st agrees with the Stephens text; 2nd agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 13:35 Behold, your house is left unto you desolate: and verily I say unto you, Ye shall not see me, until the time come when ye shall say, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 8: Psalm 118:26).

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 14:21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 14:22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 14:23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 16:3 Then the steward said within himself, What shall I do? for my lord taketh away from me the stewardship: I cannot dig; to beg I am ashamed.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 16:5 So he called every one of his lord's debtors unto him, and said unto the first, How much owest thou unto my lord?

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 16:8 And the lord commended the unjust steward, because he had done wisely: for the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 16:13 No servant can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 17:5 And the apostles said unto the Lord, Increase our faith.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 17:6 And the Lord said, If ye had faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye might say unto this sycamine tree, Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea; and it should obey you.

Aramaic: omits Lord (substitutes he)

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 17:37 And they answered and said unto him, Where, Lord? And he said unto them, Wheresoever the body is, thither will the eagles be gathered together.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 18:6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 18:41 Saying, What wilt thou that I shall do unto thee? And he said, Lord, that I may receive my sight.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him fourfold.

Aramaic: 1st Jesus; 2nd my lord

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 19:16 Then came the first, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained ten pounds.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 19:18 And the second came, saying, Lord, thy pound hath gained five pounds.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 19:20 And another came, saying, Lord, behold, here is thy pound, which I have kept laid up in a napkin:

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 19:25 (And they said unto him, Lord, he hath ten pounds.)

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 19:31 And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the LORD hath need of him (Jehovah: JCOP's discussion of Eastern Manners seems right; our Lord wouldn't commandeer another's property even though he was entitled to it: Philippians 2:6-7. Also, the term "lord" would not seem to be enough information to give the animal’s attendant since it could refer to an earthly master also.).

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 19:33 And as they were loosing the colt, the owners (lords: kurios, as in "possessor of the heaven and earth"; the Greek word kurios includes the sense of ownership) thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?

Aramaic: Lewis 1896 omits Lord

 

Luke 19:34 And they said, The LORD (Jehovah: JCOP's discussion of Eastern Manners seems right; our Lord wouldn't commandeer another's property even though he was entitled to it: Philippians 2:6-7. Also, the term "lord" would not seem to be enough information to give the animal’s attendant since it could refer to an earthly master also.) hath need of him.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 8; and as in reference: Psalm 118:26): peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 20:13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text (construct form)

 

Luke 20:15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text (construct form)

 

Luke 20:37 Now that the dead are raised, even Moses shewed at the bush, when he calleth the LORD (Jehovah: Exodus 3:6) the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 20:42 And David himself saith in the book of Psalms, The LORD said unto my LORD (Jehovah: the capitals are in the KJV. One of the only times where the translators take a position on kurios as referring to Jehovah, as in the verse itself and in the reference: Psalm 110:1), Sit thou on my right hand,

Aramaic: 1st LORDemp agrees with the Stephens text; agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 20:44 David therefore calleth him Lord, how is he then his son?

Aramaic: my lord (Rotterdam has a continuing action, making lord closer to “my lord” in Aramaic)

 

Luke 22:31 ¶ And the Lord (N/A omits) said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

Aramaic: Jesus, Lewis 1896 omits

Latin:       agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 22:33 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 22:38 And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 22:49 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 22:61 And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord (NT Phrase 2), how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

Luke 23:42 And he said unto Jesus, Lord (N-A, Lb, T, Tr, A, N omit), remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

Aramaic: my lord

 

Luke 24:3 And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.

Aramaic: omits Lord

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

Luke 24:34 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 1:23 He said, I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the LORD, (Jehovah: OT phrase 9: Isaiah 40:3) as said the prophet Esaias.

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 4:1 ¶ When therefore the Lord (N/A has Jesus) knew how the Pharisees had heard that Jesus made and baptized more disciples than John,

Aramaic: Jesus; Lewis 1896 our Lord

Latin:      Jesus

 

John 4:11 The woman saith unto him, Sir (kurios: lord, master or sir), thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?

Aramaic: my Lord; Lewis 1896 omits

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 4:15 The woman saith unto him, Sir (kurios: lord, master or sir), give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 4:19 The woman saith unto him, Sir (kurios: lord, master or sir), I perceive that thou art a prophet.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 4:49 The nobleman saith unto him, Sir (kurios: lord, master or sir), come down ere my child die.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 5:7 The impotent man answered him, Sir (kurios: lord, master or sir), I have no man, when the water is troubled, to put me into the pool: but while I am coming, another steppeth down before me.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 6:23 (Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord (G: omits) had given thanks…

Aramaic: Jesus

Vulgate: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 6:34 Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 8:11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.

Aramaic: Lordsprm; Sinaitic gospels (Lewis) omit the entire verse

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

*John 8:11 is possible evidence of the loss of emphatic power in Middle Aramaic, “not so the lord” makes little sense; however, it is equally possible that these verses were added much later based on Western manuscripts.

 

John 9:36 He answered and said, Who is he, Lord, that I might believe on him?

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 9:38 And he said, Lord, I believe. And he worshipped him.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 11:2 (It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)

Aramaic: Jesus

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 11:3 Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 11:12 Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 11:21 Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 11:27 She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 11:32 Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 11:34 And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 11:39 Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the LORD (Jehovah: OT phrase 8: Psalm 119:26)

Aramaic: LORDemp – agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 12:21 The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 12:38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, LORD, (Jehovah) who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the LORD (Jehovah: cited—Isaiah 53:1; see also Isaiah 51:9; 52:10; 62:8 on FOS condescensio with arm) been revealed?

Aramaic: 1st my Lord; 2nd LORDemp

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

                                                                                                

John 13:6 Then cometh he to Simon Peter: and Peter saith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet?

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 13:9 Simon Peter saith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 13:13 Ye call me [the] Master (didaskalos) and [the] Lord*: and ye say well; for so I am.

Aramaic: our Lord

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

*According to Rotterdam the Greek article ought to certainly be translated here, in John 13:13-14. If this is so, the many instances of the Aramaic’s use of my Lord or our lord instead of “the lord” must be understood in a different light than a literal translation. Perhaps, “the lord of me” or “the lord of us” is not such a farfetched understanding of these many Syriac gospel expressions. In other words, the Syriac should not be misunderstood to mean something significantly different than the Greek readings. In fact, much of the difference in feel seems related to the use of the Greek vocative for which there is not a clear analogue in Syriac.

 

John 13:14 If I then, your [the] Lord* and [the] Master (didaskalos), have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.

Aramaic: your lord

Latin:      agrees with the Stephens text

 

*According to Rotterdam the Greek article ought to certainly be translated here, in John 13:13-14. If this is so, the many instances of the Aramaic’s use of my Lord or our lord instead of “the lord” must be understood in a different light than a literal translation. Perhaps, “the lord of me” or “the lord of us” is not such a farfetched understanding of these many Syriac gospel expressions. In other words, the Syriac should not be misunderstood to mean something significantly different than the Greek readings. In fact, much of the difference in feel seems related to the use of the Greek vocative for which there is not a clear analogue in Syriac.

 

John 13:16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 13:25 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 13:36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 13:37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 14:5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way?

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 14:8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 14:22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 15:15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 15:20 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou? She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 20:20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 20:25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.

Aramaic: 1st our Lord; 2nd our Lord

 

John 21:12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.

Aramaic: our Lord

 

John 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 21:16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

Aramaic: agrees with the Stephens text

 

John 21:20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?

Aramaic: my lord

 

John 21:21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?

Aramaic: my lord